The Ravinia Festival – 3 Decades of Program Covers (and other related graphics)

Ravinia Festival entrance Highland Park, Illinois.

The Ravinia Festival is the oldest outdoor music festival organization in the United States. It’s located in Highland Park, Illinois about 25 miles north of Chicago on the shores of Lake Michigan. The park was created in 1904 by A.C. Frost , the owner of the Chicago & Milwaukee Electric Railway (precursor to the North Shore Line, mentioned in my previous blog) which traveled through the area. Frost figured that building a place for the masses to gather could only benefit his railroad’s business.

C&ME RR map from Ravinia program circa 1906

Main entrance to Ravinia from railroad tracks. 1910

One piece of the porcelain china set made for use at Ravinia 1904-1911

Special Ravinia train announcement 1920.

Pre-1911 view facing south with entrance to park on left. (Note slide in background right)

Another pre-1911 postcard shot facing northeast and photographed from top of the Toboggan Slide in the preceding photo. Ravinia Park was serviced by two railroads - The Chicago & North Western steam railroad in the foreground and the C&ME which pulled up closest to the entrance.

When it was originally built, besides including an amusement park, Ravinia offered a Casino, Grandstand, Music Pavilion, and a Theater which showed live performances as well as motion pictures. Postcards circa 1909.

Unfortunately, by 1911 Frost’s venture confronted financial woes and Ravinia was looking bankruptcy square in the face. A local group of residents formed an organization to purchase and operate the park and except for a brief gap during the Great Depression, the Ravinia Festival has taken place every year from 1904 to the present day ! From Enrico Caruso to Steve Martin, the festival has hosted and presented stellar talent and performances of all kinds. When I was a kid, it was also one of the best places to go for fireworks every 4th of July !

The festival programs from the 1904 through to the 1930’s were gorgeous “mini-posters” and designed by well known Chicago area illustrators. I’d run across them in used bookstores and junk shops where they were usually mixed in with old magazines and comicbooks. By the time I left for college I’d been able to gather together most of the run. You’ll notice names like Hamilton King, James McCracken, Stark Davis, and intaglio artist Allan Weary. . . There’s also a 1930 program cover designed/illustrated by then Chicagoan Hal Foster, who was between Tarzan strip assignments. . .

If anyone has additional info on any of the covers, artists etc., please add a comment below !

1906 - Designed by Ward & DeLay and showing views of the Pavilion and Casino.

1909 - Designed and printed by Barnes & Crosby Co.

Ad for Barnes & Crosby Co.

James McCracken - 1914

Book illustrated by James McCracken

Stark Davis - 1915

Stark Davis illustration used on cover of rare Fortune Magazine prototype (Davis did a stint at the Walt Disney Studios as well)


James McCracken - 1916

Hamilton King - 1917

Coca-Cola tray with illustration by Hamilton King. King was the first illustrator whose signature was used by Coke in advertising/marketing. He created the "Coca-Cola Girl" images used on serving/coin trays, calenders and ads from 1910-1913.



1920 (Harner ?)

1921 (Harner ?)




M. Gundlach - 1925



Allan M. Weary - 1929

Hal Foster - 1930


Designed by Dale Nichols - 1939 saw the return of the Ravinia Festival after an 8 year "Depression" gap.

I’ve also included a poster done by Arthur A. Johnson for the CNS&M railroad in 1925 – you’d think that if anything would be misspelled it WOULDN’T be the name of  the park itself ! (I’ll be doing a separate featured article on this series of posters in the near future).

1925 "Ravina Park" CNS&M poster by Arthur A. Johnson


12 thoughts on “The Ravinia Festival – 3 Decades of Program Covers (and other related graphics)

  1. Browknee

    Ditto what L J blogged with the addition of being a Parent and watching my son also graduate from Ravinia. 3 Generations of my family graduated at Ravinia….I saw Ella, Louie, Janis, and of course the Symphony. Exposure to great music by great musicians is one of the many gifts of living in Highland Park. 

  2. Vickie Gilmore Layton

    Absolutely Gorgeous!  Thank You for the hard work put forth to bring us this beautiful collection.  I live in NC and had never heard of “Ravinia” until tonight, and now…I won’t forget it’s existence.  This lovely art is part of Illinois’ history, as well as the world.  Thank You Again.  ;0))

  3. sartoriography

    What a great post!  I love this visual history of one of the best parts of Chicago’s cultural life.  The Art Nouveau program covers are especially beautiful, I think, and I love seeing drawings of the old trains.  I’ll be sharing this on Twitter!

  4. Lisa Youngdahl

    I have my design students enter the Ravinia poster contest each year. I’m going to keep these examples to show both those students and my History of Graphic Design students. I had no idea these existed. Thank you!.

  5. Walter Keevil

    Wow and double Wow!  Those are just great designs and art work.  I had no idea Ravinia had such.  Love the period material and the other examples of artists’ work.  You must have a real treasure trove of material.

  6. Graham

    Another great entry, JJ! The covers are great illustrations, but many of them are also such great examples of the period from which they came. The 1914, ’15 and ’18 covers — so wonderfully arts & crafts! Thanks for sharing these great pieces.

  7. Joseph

    JUST WOW! Design-nerds take note: the linked image scans are nice and BIG. If you’re into textures, in addtion to the design ‘natch, you’ll love seeing the process print screens and aged textures.
    Thanks, JJ!