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Mail Art of the Civil War

Here’s an exceptional collection of commemorative envelopes issued during the Civil War (on both sides) found on a site devoted to The Roosevelt Civil War Envelopes Collection maintained by Georgetown University. Scores of envelopes celebrating the Union, condemning traitors, criticizing slavery and praising the Southern “cause” can be found here.

Each envelope citation includes a detailed description, like this for the one above: “Freed male slave in a straw hat. The man is superimposed on a black triangle containing the abbreviations of the states of the Confederacy. The black triangle is itself superimposed on an upside-down trangle containing horizontal lines. The image is a reference to General Benjamin Butler’s ‘contraband’ policy, by which escaping slaves reaching Union lines would not be returned to slavery. Butler, a trained attorney, used Virginia’s secession to argue that under international law that escaped slaves were ‘contraband of war’ and he was not required to return them to their former owners.”

Or this below (top): “Two slaves seceeding (escaping) from the Confederacy. The two slaves are a mother, who is carrying a stick over her shoulder with a bag tied to the end of it, and a child, who is wearing a straw hat.”

Others below satirize “secessionists,” show a noose manufacturing process (“Hemp for the traitors”), the original Confederate flag and use metaphoric lettering that spells out “Death to Traitors.”

(Thanks to Mirko Ilic)