Soviet Literary Pulps
Krasnaya Nov (The Red Virgin Land) was the first Soviet literary magazine, established in 1921 under editor-in-chief Alexander Voronsky. The circulation of 15,000 wasn’t insignificant as it published leading Soviet authors, including Maxim Gorky, Vladimir Mayakovsky, and Sergey Yesenin, as well as essays on politics, economics and science by authors like Lenin, Stepanov-Skvortsov, Bukharin, and more.
Thanks to Misha Beletsky, I’ve learned that the two covers here belong to supplements of Krasnaya Nov from 1925, “The Peasant’s Sons” (above), and “Fighting Fires” (below). The covers are pulp in form and content, but well done considering the shortages of paper-and-ink.
The magazine and supplements sailed along until 1927 when Voronsky was condemned as a Trotskyite and fired. He was replaced first by Vladimir Vasilyevsky (summer 1927–spring 1929), then by Fyodor Raskolnikov (1929–1930), Ivan Bespalov (1930–1931), and Alexander Fadeyev (1931–1942). Circulation rose to 45,000, but in 1942, the magazine was closed for good.